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Upanishad

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Di Upanishad (IAST Upaniṣad; IPA-sa ʊpən̪ɪʂəd̪) a kaleshan a tex we kantien som a di senchral filasafikal kansep a Induizim, som a wa shier wid Budizim ah Jainizim.[1] Di Upanishad kansida bai Induudem fi kantien otarans (śruti) we kansoern di niecha a oltimet rialiti (brahman) ah we diskraib di kiarakta ah paas tu yuuman salvieshan (mokṣa ar mukti).

Di Upanishad kamanli refa tu az Vedanta, vieriosli intoerprit fi miin aida di "laas chapta, paat a di Veda" ar "di abjek, di ayis poerpos a di Veda".[2]

Di kansep a Braaman (Oltimet Rialiti) ah Aatman (Suol, Self) a senchral aidie ina aal di Upanishad,[3][4] ah "Nuo yu Aatman" a deh tiimatik fuokos.[5] Di Upanishad a di foundieshan a Induu filasafikal taat ah idaivoers chradishan.[6][7] Outa di Vedik kaapus, onggl dem aluon waidli nuo, ah di senchral aidie a di Upanishad de a di pirichual kuor a Induudem.[6][8]

Refrans[edit | edit suos]

  1. Olivelle, Patrick, Upaniṣads, Oxford University Press, 1998, ISBN 978-0192835765, p. xxiii.
  2. Max Muller, The Upanishads, Part 1, Oxford University Press, page LXXXVI, footnote 1
  3. Mahadevan, T.M.P., History of Philosophy Eastern and Western, ed. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, 1956, George Allen & Unwin Ltd., p. 59
  4. Raju,P. T. (1992) The Philosophical Traditions of India, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited
  5. W. D. Strappini, The Upanishads p. 258, The Month and Catholic Review, Vol. 23, Issue 42
  6. 6.0 6.1 Wendy Doniger (1990), Textual Sources for the Study of Hinduism, 1st Edition, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0226618470, pages 2-3; Quote: "The Upanishads supply the basis of later Hindu philosophy; they alone of the Vedic corpus are widely known and quoted by most well-educated Hindus, and their central ideas have also become a part of the spiritual arsenal of rank-and-file Hindus."
  7. Wiman Dissanayake (1993), Self as Body in Asian Theory and Practice (Editors: Thomas P. Kasulis et al), State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0791410806, page 39; Quote: "The Upanishads form the foundations of Hindu philosophical thought and the central theme of the Upanishads is the identity of Atman and Brahman, or the inner self and the cosmic self.";
    Michael McDowell and Nathan Brown (2009), World Religions, Penguin, ISBN 978-1592578467, pages 208-210
  8. Patrick Olivelle (2014), The Early Upanisads, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0195352429, page 3; Quote: "Even though theoretically the whole of vedic corpus is accepted as revealed truth [shruti], in reality it is the Upanishads that have continued to influence the life and thought of the various religious traditions that we have come to call Hindu. Upanishads are the scriptures par excellence of Hinduism".