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Sexizim

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Ares a sofrajet aaganizieshan memba a Landan, 1914. Sofrajet aaganizieshan eh-kiampien fi uman rait fi vuot.

Sexizim ar jenda diskriminieshan a prejudis ar diskriminieshan bies pah smadi sex ar jenda. Sexizim kiah afek eni jenda, bot ipotikiula dakiument az afek uman ah gial.[1] Idon lingk tu steriotaip ah jenda ruol,[2][3] ah kiah ingkluud di biliif se wan sex ar jenda inchrinzikali supiiria tu waneda.[4] Exchriim sexizim kiah fasta sexyual arasment, riep, ah ada faam a sexyual voilens.[5]

Refrans[edit | edit suos]

  1. A klier ah braad kansensos mongx akademik skala ina moltipl fiil se sexizim refa praimerili tu diskriminieshan gens uman, ah praimerili afek uman. Si, fi egzampl:
    • New Oxford American Dictionary, 3rd edition, 2010, Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780199891535. Difain sexizim az "prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex."
    • Encyclopedia Britannica, Online Academic Edition, 2015. Difain sexizim az "prejudice or discrimination based on sex or gender, especially against women and girls." Nuot se "sexism in a society is most commonly applied against women and girls. It functions to maintain patriarchy, or male domination, through ideological and material practices of individuals, collectives, and institutions that oppress women and girls on the basis of sex or gender."
    • Ann E. Cudd, Leslie E. Jones, "Sexism" in A Companion to Applied Ethics, 2005, Blackwell, London. Nuot se "'Sexism' refers to a historically and globally pervasive form of oppression against women."
    • Gina Masequesmay, editor Jodi O'Brien "Sexism" in Encyclopedia of Gender and Society, 2008, SAGE. Nuot se "sexism usually refers to prejudice or discrimination based on sex or gender, especially against women and girls." Aalso stiet se "sexism is an ideology or practices that maintain patriarchy or male domination."
    • Jennifer Hornsby, editor Ted Honderich, "Sexism", The Oxford Companion to Philosophy 2nd edition, 2005, Oxford. Difain sexizim az "thought or practice which may permeate language and which assume's women's inferiority to men."
    • "Sexism", Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 2006, Harper Collins. Difain sexizim az "any devaluation or denigration of women or men, but particularly women, which is embodied in institutions and social relationships."
    • "Sexism", Palgrave MacMillan Dictionary of Political Thought, 2007, Palgrave MacMillan. Nuot se "either sex may be the object of sexist attitudes... however, it is commonly held that, in developed societies, women have been the usual victims."
    • "Sexism", The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Love, Courtship, and Sexuality through History, Volume 6: The Modern World, 2007, Greenwood. "Sexism is any act, attitude, or institutional configuration that systematically subordinates or devalues women. Built upon the belief that men and women are constitutionally different, sexism takes these differences as indications that men are inherently superior to women, which then is used to justify the nearly universal dominance of men in social and familial relationships, as well as politics, religion, language, law, and economics."
    • Carly Hayden Foster, editor George Thomas Kurlan, The Encyclopedia of Political Science, Sexism, access 29 March 2015, 2011, CQ Press, ISBN 9781608712434. Nuot se "both men and women can experience sexism, but sexism against women is more pervasive."
    • Allan G. Johnson, "Sexism", The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology, 2000, Blackwell. Sojes se "the key test of whether something is sexist... lies in its consequences: if it supports male privilege, then it is by definition sexist. I specify 'male privilege' because in every known society where gender inequality exists, males are privileged over females."
    • Judith Lorber, Gender Inequality: Feminist Theories and Politics, Oxford University Press, page 5. Nuot se "although we speak of gender inequality, it is usually women who are disadvantaged relative to similarly situated men."
    • Camille B. Wortman, Elizabeth S. Loftus, Charles A. Weaver, Psychology, McGraw-Hill, 1999. "As throughout history, today women are the primary victims of sexism, prejudice directed at one sex, even in the United States."
  2. David Matsumoto, The Handbook of Culture and Psychology, Oxford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-19-513181-9, p.197.
  3. K. A. Nakdimen, The American Journal of Psychiatry [1984, 141(4):499-503]
  4. Christopher B. Doob, 2013, Social Inequality and Social Stratification in US Society, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. "Forcible Rape: Institutionalized Sexism in the Criminal Justice System", Gerald D. Robin Division of Criminal Justice, University of New Haven